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Political Timeline For Guatemala

800 B.C.-200 A.D.: Takalik Abaj serves as one of the most important economic and cultural centers of the pre-Columbian Mayan civilization.

700-1000: Peak of the Mayan civilization.

1519: Spanish began expeditions to Guatemala, resulting in devastating epidemics.

1522: Spanish armies conquer Guatemala.

1524: The first Guatemalan capital, Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, is founded.

1527: Capital is moved to Ciudad Vieja.

1541: A mudslide engulfs Ciudad Vieja after a volcano crater fills with water. The capital is moved 6 kilometers (4 mi) to Antigua, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

1773-1774: Antigua is destroyed by several earthquakes. The capital is moved about 50 kilometers (30 mi) to modern day Guatemala City.

1821: Mexico declares independence and takes Guatemala with it, ending Spanish rule.

1823: Guatemala and other Central American nations secede from Mexico and establish the Central American Federation. The union dissolves by 1840.

1901: The government hires the United Fruit Company to manage the postal service. By 1930, the Company becomes the largest employer in Central America.

1954: The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency organizes a coup to overthrow President Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán, who instituted a controversial land reform program that redistributed land—including a vast portion of the United Fruit Company's holding—to Guatemalan peasants.

1959: Belize and Guatemala sign a border treaty.

1960-1996: The longest civil war in Latin America is fought between the government of Guatemala and insurgents.

1985: Guatemala adopts the country's current constitution.

1996: A peace accord between the guerrillas and the government, negotiated by the United Nations, ends the Guatemalan Civil War. Over 200,000 people were killed and over one million had been displaced within Guatemala or fled the country.

2005: Guatemala ratifies the U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR).

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Guatemala: Economy In Guatemala, Economy, Politics and Today's Politics And Government In Guatemala.

10 Jun 2010

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