The Gulf of Mexico region is comprised of the states of Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Tabasco. The region is known for many things, including history: the Spanish invaded Mexico from Cuba and the Caribbean, and they landed and built bases along this coast.
The port of Veracruz was founded by HernÃ¡n CortÃ©s when he landed in 1519. Today the city is a fascinating melting pot of Indian, Spanish, Arab, and African traditions. Veracruz has a small but interesting historical center and a lively nightlife. There are excellent resorts and fancy hotels on the nearby Mocambo Beach. There are two archaeological sites of interest nearby: Cempoala was the first major indigenous town to make contact with CortÃ©s on his way to Mexico City: the Cempoalans, fed up with Aztec rule, would become his first allies. The archaeological site at El Tajin is farther away but bigger: it features the Pyramid of Niches and an on-site museum.
The northern state of Tamaulipas is known for its capital, Tampico, a bustling port and important industrial center. It also contributes to Mexicoâ€™s oil industry. Visitors will enjoy a visit to a small archaeological site, Las Flores, and a visit to the nearby Nacimiento del Rio Mante, (Source of the Mante River) where you can snorkel and scuba dive.
To the south, Villahermosa, the capital of Tabasco, is a pleasant provincial capital known for friendly people and colonial architecture. Villahermosa is famous for attractive city parks and a growing local ecotourism industry. Donâ€™t miss the Cascadas de Agua Blanca, or whitewater waterfalls.