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Argentina Timeline

11,000 BC: First archaeological evidence of humans in Argentina

1480 AD: Inca Empire expands into northwestern Argentina

1516: Juan Solis becomes first European to visit present-day Argentina

1580: Buenos Aires established

1776: Viceroyalty of River Platte established

1806-1807: Great Britain tries twice to capture Buenos Aires, repelled both times

May, 1810: Argentina declares provisional independence from Spain

1814-1816: José de San Martín liberates Argentina from Spanish forces in a series of battles

1816: Argentina formally declares independence

1825: Bolivia secedes from Argentina

1828: Uruguay becomes independent

1835-1852: Rule of Dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas

1853: Juan Batista Alberdi writes Argentina’s first constitution

1864-1870: Argentina joins Uruguay and Brazil against Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance

1870-1920: Hundreds of thousands of Europeans immigrate to Argentina

1946: populist Juan Peron elected

1947: Evita Peron creates Evita Peron Foundation to help the poor

1952: Evita Peron dies at the age of 33, millions mourn

1955: Juan Peron deposed, flees to Spain

1973: Peron re-elected

1974: Peron dies in office, wife/vice president Isabel Peron takes over

1976: Military coup removes Isabel Peron from office

1976-1983: “Dirty War” in Argentina: up to 30,000 civilians executed by the government

1978: Argentina wins World Cup Soccer

1982: Great Britain defeats Argentina in the Falklands War

1983-1986: President Raul AlfonsĂ­n brings Dirty War officials to trial for their role in the massacres and disappearances but must desist when the military attempts several takeovers

1986: Argentina wins World Cup Soccer

December 2001: Argentina’s economy crashes

2003: Nestor Kirchner elected president, economy begins to recover

2007: Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (Nestor’s wife) elected president

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Argentina: The History of Buenos Aires, The War of the Triple Alliance, History, History, Estancia JesĂşs Maria, The Jesuits, Estancia de Caroya, History, Madres De Plaza De Mayo and Mesopotamia and The Northeast History .








06 Apr 2009




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