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Flora & Fauna of Argentina


Argentina is a vast country that encompasses varying geographical regions, each with their own unique indigenous species of flora and fauna. The most diverse list of native plants can be found in Mesopotamia, the region containing swampy lowland forests and savannas in the sub-tropical panhandle of the country that borders Paraguay and Brazil. Another extremely bio diverse region is the cloud forest area of the Yungas, which lies between the Northern Chaco lowlands and the Andes, and is home to three national parks which offer opportunities to explore the lush natural beauty. The arid Andean regions along the western border are barren, with dry canyons and hillsides dotted with cacti. The landscape of the once magnificent grasslands in the central Pampas has largely been altered by soybean farms and cattle grazing. Further south, the harsh winters and intense winds of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego have created a region of shrubs and brambles, where trees are a rare site, except for conifers on the Andean foothills.



The fauna is most varied in Northern Argentina. Hundreds of birds, caimans, howler monkeys, swamp deer, and the capybara, the world’s largest rodent, can be found in the swamplands of the northeast. In the drier Andean northwest, the llama, alpaca and guanaco, can be found roaming near mountain lakes full of migratory birds and flamingos. Further south, the fox, wildcat, armadillo, hare, falcons and herons can be found in the pampas. While not indigenous, the pampas are also full of Spanish cattle, which make Argentina famous for its beef. In the Patagonia, the guanaco and flocks of flightless rhea run across the steppe. The coastal wildlife in Tierra del Fuego is always a large tourist-draw with its majestic whales, Magellanic penguins, sea lions, seals, and cormorants.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Argentina: Flora And Fauna Of Parque Nacional Iguazú, The Loch Ness Monster's Patagonian Cousin, Patagonia Species, Mesopotamia and The Northeast Species, Flora And Fauna Of The Esteros Del Iberá , Caimans And Gators And Crocs, Oh My! and Península Valdés Wildlife Calendar.

By Karen Nagy
Karen Nagy is a staff editor/writer at V!VA. She studied travel writing and learned the joys of Mediterranean island-hopping in Greece, and went on...
04 Mar 2009

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