Plaza de Mayo is the most historically significant spot in Buenos Aires, and perhaps its number one tourist destination. Plaza de Mayo has been in the same location and at the political heart of Argentina since Buenos Aires was first founded. Named to commemorate the revolution of May 1810, which began the process of independence from Spain, it has seen constant action and some of Argentine historyâ€™s most poignant moments.
The plaza is surrounded by historical buildings including the Casa Rosada, where the president resides, and the Catedral Metropolitana, which houses the ever-burning flame for revolutionary general San MartÃn and the unnamed soldier.
Plaza de Mayo is still the sight of protests of all kinds and is often filled with drum beating crowds and covered in leaflets. On any given Thursday afternoon at the PiramidÃ© de Mayo (May Pyramid) in the center of the plaza, mothers of soldiers who "disappeared" during Argentina's military rule from 1976 to 1983 gather in continuing protest. To this day, the mothers gather and walk together in the Plaza outside of the Casa Rosada (the presidential palace) in search of answers as to what happened to their missing loved ones, and to keep their memories alive.