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Resistencia, "The City of Sculptures," is just a baby in comparison to many other cities in Argentina. Founded in 1878, it is the capital of Provincia del Chaco and has a self-proclaimed "more modern" attitude than some of the surrounding, conservative cities. It is the commercial and cultural hub of the province, which is one of the poorest in Argentina. The Río Negro, a branch of the Río Paraná, flows along the north edge of town. Resistencia lies seven kilometers (4.2 mi) from the confluence of the two rivers, and 22 kilometers (13 mi) from Corrientes on the opposite shore of the Río Paraná.

Resistencia's origin dates back to the 18th Century. In 1750 the Jesuits founded San Fernando del Río Negro, a reducción for the Abipone indigenous nation. After the expulsion of the Jesuits in 1767, the Franciscans administered the settlement but had to abandon it by 1794 due to constant attacks by the natives. The Franciscans returned in 1857 to reestablish San Fernando, which became an important stop on the ironwood timbering route. Europeans immigrants, at first primarily from Italy, began arriving in 1875.

Three years later, Resistencia was officially founded. Some historians say the city owes its name to the resistance these colonists gave against the indigenous populations, in this land where the power of the federal government did not reach.Plaza 25 de Mayo is truly the center of Resistencia. Around this four-block-square park, said to be the largest in Argentina, is everything of importance in the city. On the western side of the square is the Cathedral and the Casa de Gobierno (provincial government offices). On the Calle Güemes face of the plaza is a tall monument topped with a she-wolf nursing Romulus and Remus, a gift of the city's Colectividad Italiana. Beneath an arbor on the south quadrant is an artisan market. From the Plaza 25 de Mayo radiate the major avenidas, broad boulevards with grassy center-lane parks dotted with statues.Sculptures are literally on every corner, street, park, plaza and walkway.

More than 500 can be found in all, incorporating a plethora of styles, eras and mediums that have helped establish Resistencia's reputation as an open-air museum.

The Fundación Urunday, a private non-profit organization, maintains the statues and organizes the Bienial del Chaco sculpture competition (Avenida de los Inmigrantes 1001, Tel.: 41-5020, E-mail:, URL: Even if you are not in town for the famous Biennial Sculpture Festival, you can check out this al fresco exhibit of sculpture and art from around the world.

The Foundation has a walking map of the centrally located monuments, which includes a bit of information on the sculptors and the pieces' significance. Along the route, stop into the interesting museums. These galleries cover the range of topics, from art and artesaníato history and anthropology.

Along the banks of the Río Negro, about 10 blocks from Plaza 25 de Mayo, is Paseo Costanero, a small river walk with several nightclubs, the municipal theater Domo del Centenario (Avenida Wilde 1300) and Parque 2 de Febrero. Other city green spaces, like Parques Urbanos Laguna Argüello (Avenida Vélez Sarsfield and Ayacucho) and Laguna Ávalos, protect the myriad oxbow lakes left behind by the Río Negro. North of Resistencia is Isla del Cerrito, a prime fishing spot on the Paraná River.

Resistencia also has a thumping nightlife, although it is generally confined to the weekends. To catch the action, head towards the entrance of town on Avenida Sarmiento, where clubs get going late and continue until dawn.

(Altitude: 50 m / 163 ft, Population: 275,962, Phone Code: 03722)


Other places nearby Resistencia: Parque Nacional Río Pilcomayo, Fuerte Esperanza, Bañado La Estrella, Parque Nacional Chaco, Parque Provincial Pampa Del Indio, Reserva Nacional Formosa, Ingeniero Juárez , Roque Sáenz Peña, Villa Río Bermejito and Laguna Blanca.

By Shawn O'Bryant
I am always on the road, always trying to observe and always facinated with my surroundings. I love adventure and luck, both good and...
31 Mar 2010

Things to do in Resistencia

Catedral de Resistencia

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Resistencia Museums

137094Along with mountains of public art, Resistencia also has a number of interesting museums for visitors to enjoy. Many are free (except where noted).Museo de la Memoria (Monday-Friday 8 am.-1 p.m., 4-9 ...
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Catching Culture in Resistencia

137095Resistencia has an impressive variety of venues for catching cinematic and performance culture while in the city:Alianza Francesa (Roque Sáenz Peña 453, Tel: 42-4480, URL: ...
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Reserva Provincial Isla del Cerrito

Where the Paraguay and Paraná Rivers meet, you'll find Isla del Cerrito. Once a leper colony and Chaco Territory's first capital, this island is now a provincial reserve with ample opportunities for ...
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Parque 2 De Febrero

Parque 2 de Febrero is a shady public space with plenty of facilities for all kinds of recreation. If you are craving a BBQ, buy some meat and beer and join the locals cooking up a feast. With ...
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