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Timeline on Political Dates

Time line of Political Events in Bolivia



  • 1500BC-The city of Tiwanaku in Western Bolivia, founded by the Aymara, dates back until at least 1500BC.

  • 400AD-950AD-Tiwanaku stretches its borders into the Yungas, expanding its size, population and regional power.

  • 1200-The Inca Empire conquers the area of Bolivia around this time and remains in control until the arrival of the Spaniards.

  • 1470-The Quechua-speaking Incas come to dominate what is now Bolivia only 75 years before the Spaniards arrive.

  • 1538 – The Spanish conquer Bolivia, which becomes part of the Vice-royalty of Peru.

  • 1573-The city of Potosi, Bolivia grows to surpass Seville, Madrid, Rome or Paris in population.

  • 1825 - Bolivia becomes independent with Simon Bolivar as its president after he liberates the country from Spanish rule.

  • 1907 -Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid go to Bolivia where they are gunned down by Bolivian soldiers after robbing a mine.

  • 1928-Oil is discovered in the foothills of the Andes at the western Bolivian region of the Chaco.

  • 1932-1935-Bolivia goes to War with Paraguay in what is knows as The Chaco War over the supposedly oil-rich area of Chaco. Ironically, it later became evident that there were no actual oil resources in the Chaco region.

  • 1952-1956-Victor Paz Estensorro, founder of the National Revolutionary Movement, serves his first of four terms as Bolivian president. Latin American guerrilla leader Jan, Ernesto "Che" Guevara begins organizing the National Liberation Army in Bolivia.

  • 1967-Oct 9, Che Guevara is executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia

  • 1971-1978-Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez rules Bolivia as the military dictator

  • 1982-1985-Hernan Siles Zuazo (1913-1996) becomes Bolivian president again and restores democracy after 18 years of military rule

  • 2003-September-October - 80 killed and hundreds injured in protests fueled by government plans to export natural gas via Chile. President Sanchez de Lozada resigns under pressure of protests and is succeeded by Carlos Mesa.

  • 2005-December - Socialist leader Evo Morales wins presidential elections. He becomes the first indigenous Bolivian to take office.

  • 2008-Bolivian Congress approves text of new constitution. National referendum on constitution is scheduled for 25 January 2009.

  • 2009-May - A state prosecutor accuses the governor of Santa Cruz province of involvement in the alleged plot to assassinate President Morales in April.

  • 2009-December 6, Morales wins the majority of the vote to be re-elected as President of Bolivia.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Bolivia: Today's Politics and Government and Bolivia's Economy.

11 Feb 2010

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