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Chile History Timeline

Late 1400’s: Inca Empire expands to include some parts of northern Chile

1520: Magellan passes into Pacific, explores some of Southern Chile’s coast

1532-35: Fall of the Inca Empire

1535: Diego de Almagro Expedition to Chile a disaster

1541: Pedro de Valdivia, veteran of the war against the Inca, founds Santiago

1553: Valdivia dies during a Mapuche attack

1578: Sir Francis Drake raids Valparaiso

1683: Slavery abolished, leading to slightly better relations with warlike Mapuche

1810: Chile declares independence from Spain

1818: Chile wins independence led by Bernardo O’Higgins

1832-1833: Naturalist Charles Darwin, on board the HMS Beagle, explores Tierra del Fuego and other parts of Chile

1881: A treaty with Argentina gives Chile the Strait of Magellan

1879-1883: The War of the Pacific pits Chile against an alliance of Bolivia and Peru: Chile wins, takes territories from both losers.

1891: Conflict between President Jose Manuel Balmaceda and Congress bring about Chilean Civil War; thousands die before Balmaceda loses.

1924: General Luis Altamirano stages a coup against civilian government: years of chaos follow

1964-1970: Moderate President Eduardo Frei Montalvo is unable to halt polarization of the nation between liberals and conservatives

1970: Socialist Salvador Allende elected: he socializes economy, alienates the upper class and cultivates close ties to communist nations, earning the enmity of Washington as well as Chilean elite.

September 11, 1973: Augusto Pinochet and other military leaders depose Allende, who commits suicide.

September-October, 1973: “The Caravan of Death” travels through Chile: Army officers kill up to 100 political prisoners, some of whom had voluntarily turned themselves in.

1970’s-1980’s: Up to 3,000 Chilean citizens are murdered by security forces in the name of counter-terrorism. Thousands more are tortured and held without any legal basis.

1990: Pinochet steps down but retains his title as commander-in-chief of the army, making accountability for war crimes difficult.

1998: Pinochet visits Britain, where he is arrested on a Spanish warrant for war crimes

2002: Pinochet declared incompetent to stand trial

2006: Michelle Bachelet elected first female president of Chile

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Chile: Padre Antonio Ronchi, Fuegian Film, History of Rapa Nui, History of the Lakes District, Norte Grande History, The Day the Earth Moved, The History of Santiago, Chile, The History of Chile, History of Southern Patagonia & Tierra del Fuego and Norte Chico history.








By Christopher Minster
I am a writer and editor at V!VA Travel guides here in Quito, where I specialize in adding quality content to the site and also in spooky things like...
11 May 2009




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