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Patagonia Species

Chile and Argentina share many of the same flora and fauna species. Some regional differences in common names exist between the two countries. Below is a listing of flora and fauna (by common English, Spanish / local and taxonomic names) mentioned in V!VA Chile. Many are also encountered in both countries’ Lake Districts and Tierra del Fuego.

Flora

Antarctic beech (ñire, ñirre, Nothofagus Antarctica)

boldo (peumo, Peumus boldus)

bush fuchsia (chilco, Fuchsia magellanica)

Cadillo (Acaena splendens)

canelo andino, canelo enano (Drimys andina (Reiche) R.A. Rodr. & Quez.)

Chilean cedar (ciprés de la cordillera, Austurocedrus chilensis)

Chilean eucryphia (guindo santo, Eucryphia glutinosa)

Chilean fire bush (notro, ciruelillo, Embothrium coccineum)

Chilean hazel (avellano, Gevuina avellana)

Chilean laurel, Chilean sassafras (laurel, Laurelia sempervirens)

Chilean myrtle (luma, Amomyrtus luma)

Chilean podocarp (mañío macho, Podocarpus nubigenus)

Chilean wintergreen (chaura, Pernettya mucronata)

coigĂŒe, coihue (Nothofagus dombeyi or donbeyi)

coigĂŒe de ChiloĂ© (Nothofagus nĂ­tida)

coirĂłn (Festuca spp.)

Douglass fir (introduced species) (pino oregĂłn, Pseudotzuga menziessi)

duraznillo (Colliguaya integerrina)

giant kelp (cachiyuyo, Macrocystis pyrifera)

Guaitecas cypress (ciprés de las guaitecas, guaitecas, Pilgerodendron uviferum)

leña de piedra (Azorella incisa)

lenga beech (lenga, ñire, Nothofagus pumilio)

llareta (Azorella incisa)

Magellan barberry (calafate, Berberis buxifolia)

Magellan's beech (coigĂŒe de Magallanes, Nothofagus betuloides)

Magellan's orchid (pico de loro, Chloraea magellanica)

maitén (maitén, Maitenus boaria)

mata negra (Junellia tridens)

mata verde (Lepidophyllum cupressiforme).

molle (Schinus johnstoni)monkey puzzle tree (araucaria, pehuén, Araucaria araucana)

neneo (Mulinum spinosum)

olivillo, palo muerto (Aextoxicon punctatum)

Patagonian cypress, Chilean false larch (alerce, Fitzroya cupressoides)

plum-fruited yew (lleuque, Prumnopitys andina)

pocketbook plant (zapatito, Calceolaria crenatiflora)

Ponderosa pine (introduced species) (pino ponderosa, Pinus ponderosa)

Prince Albert's yew (mañío de hojas cortas, Saxegothaea conspicua)

radal enano (Orites myrtoidea)

raulĂ­ (Nothofagus alpina)

roble (Nothofagus oblicua)

sauco del diablo (Pseudopanax laetevirens)

Scots pine (introduced species) (pino silvestre, Pinus sylvestris)

soap bark tree (quillay, Quillaja saponaria)

Southern beech (hualo, Nothofagus glauca)

tepa (Laurelia philippiana)

tiaca, triaca (Caldcluvia paniculata)

tineo, palo santo (Weinmannia trichosperma)

trevo, palo santo, palo blanco (Dasyphylum diacantoides)

ulmo (Eucryphia cordifolia)

willow-leafed podocarp (mañío de hoja larga, Podocarpus salignus)

winter's bark (canelo, Drimys winteri)

yellow dog orchid (orquĂ­dea de flor dorada, Chloraea alpina)

Fauna

Mammals

American mink (introduced species) (visĂłn, Mustela vison)

cape, common or brown hare (introduced species) (liebre, Lepus capensis)

Chilean caenolestid, Chilean shrew opossum (comadrejita trompuda, zorrino, Rhyncholestes raphanunis)

Chilean miniature deer (pudĂș, Pudu pudu)

Chilean shrew opossum (zorrino, Rhyncholestes raphanunis)

dwarf armadillo, Patagonian armadillo (pichi, Euphractus pichy, Zaedyus pichiy) – endangered

ferret (hurĂłn, Mustela Furo),

Geoffroy's Cat (gato de geofroy, Oncifelis geoffroyi)

guanaco (Lama guanicoe)

hairy armadillo (peludo, Chaetophractus villosus)

highland gerbil mouse (ratita de pie sedoso, Eligmodontia typus)

kodkod (guiña, Oncifelis guigna)

long-tailed pygmy rice rat (ratĂłn colilargo, Oligoryzomys longicaudatus)

Molina's hog-nosed skunk (chingue, zorrillo, Conepatus chinga)

monito del monte, austral oposum (monito del monte, Dromiciops gliroides)

nutria (coipo, Myocastor coypus)

olive grass mouse (ratoncito olivĂĄceo, Abrothrix olivaceus)

Patagonian fox, (Common) Andean fox (culpeo, zorro culpeo, zorro colorado, Lycalopex culpaeus, Pseudalopex culpeus)

Patagonian mara (mara, Dolichotis patagonum) – endemic; endangered

Patagonian skunk (chingue patagĂłnico, chingue de la Patagonia, Conepatus humboldti)

puma, mountain lion, cougar (puma, Puma concolor)

red deer (introduced species) (ciervo rojo, Cervus elaphus)

South American grey fox (zorro chilla , zorro gris, Pseudolopex griseus)

South Andean deer, Chilean Guemel (huemul, Hippocamelus bisulcus)

southern river otter (huillĂ­n, Lontra provocax)

wild pig, wild boar (introduced species) (jabalĂ­, Sus scrofa)

Wolffsohn's viscacha (vizcacha austral, Lagidium wolfshonni)

Marine Mammals

bottle-nosed dolphins (delfĂ­n de botella, Tursiops truncatus)

Commerson's Dolphin (tonina overa, Cephalorhynchus commersonii) – endangered

dusky dolphin (delfĂ­n oscuro, Lagenorhynchus obscurus)

elephant seal (elefante marino, Mirounga leonina)

marine otter (chungungo, Lutra felina)

orca (Orcinus orca)

Peale's dolphin (delfin austral, Lagenorhynchus australis)

South American sea lion (lobo marino de un pelo, Otaria flavescens)

South American fur seal (lobo marino de dos pelos, Arctocephalus australis)

southern right whale (ballena franca austral, Eubalaena australis)

Reptiles and Amphibians

Chilean four-eyed frog (sapito de cuatro ojos, Pleurodema thaul)

Darwin’s frog (sapito de Darwin, Rhynoderma Darwin)

matuasto lizard (Diplolaemus darwini)

tree iguana (Liolaemus zullyi)

Fish and Marine Invertebrates

basking shark, elephant fish (pez elefante, Cetorhinus maximus)

Brazilian codling (brĂłtola, Urophycis brasiliensis)

bullnose eagle ray (chucho, Myliobatis freminvillii)

croaker (corvina, Micropogonias spp)

common snook, sea bass (rĂłbalo, Centropumus undecimalis)

dogfish (pintarroja, Schroederichthys bivius)

flounder (lenguado, Mancopsetta macĂșlala or Paralichthys orbignyanus)

mussel (mejillĂłn, Mytilus edulis platensis)

Patagonian octopus (pulpito patagĂłnico, Octopus tehuelchus)

Patagonian smoothhound (gatuso, Mustelus schmitti)

sea trout (pescadilla, Macrodon ancylodon or Cynnoscion guatucupa)

short snout shark (tiburĂłn de hocico corto, Carcharhinus signatus)

tope shark (cazĂłn, Galeorhinus galeus)

sand shark (tiburĂłn escalandrĂșn, Odontaspis taurus)

sevengill shark (tiburĂłn gatopardo, Notorhynchus cepedianus)

silverside, hardhead halfbeak (pejerrey, Odonthestes argentinensis)

Birds

Land Birds

American Kestrel (CernĂ­calo, Falco sparverius)

Andean condor (Condor, Vultur gryphus)

Austral Blackbird (Tordo, Curaeus curaeus)

Austral Parakeet (Cachaña, Enicognathus ferrugineus)

Austral Pygmy Owl (Chuncho, Glaucidium nanum)

Austral Thrush (Zorzal, Turdua falklandii)

Band-winged Nightjar (Gallina Ciego, Caprimulgus longirostris)

Black-chested Buzzard-eagle, Grey Buzzard-eagle (Águila or Águila Mora, Geranoetus melanoleucus)

Black-chinned Siskin (Jilguero, Carduelis barbatus)

Black-throated Huet-Huet (Huet-Huet, Hued-hued, Pteroptochos tarnii)

Buff-necked Ibis (Bandurria, Theristicus caudatus)

Burrowing Parakeet, Burrowing Parrot (Loro Barranquero, Cyanoliseus Patagonus).

Caracara (Chimango, Tiuque, Milvago chimango)

Chilean Flicker (Pitio, Colaptes pitius)

Chilean Pigeon (Torcaza, Patagioenas (Columba) araucana)

Chucao (Chucao, Scelorchilus rubecula)

Cinnamon Warbling-Finch (Monterita Canela, Poospiza ornata)

Common Barn Owl (Lechuza Blanca, Tyto alba)

Crested Caracara (Traro, Polyborus plancus)

Crested Tinamou (Martineta, Eudromia elegans)

Dark-bellied Cinclodes (Remolinera, Cinclodes patagonicus)

Elegant Crested Tinamou (Martineta, Calopezus elegans)

Great Horned Owl (TucĂșquere, Bubo virgianianus)

Green-backed Firecrown Hummingbird (Picaflor chico, Sepanoides galeritus)

Hudson’s Black Tyrant (Viudita Chica, Knipolegus hudsoni)

Lesser Rhea (Choique or ÑandĂș, Pterocnemia pennata)

Long Tailed Meadowlark (Loica, Sturnella loyca)

Magellanic Horned Owl (Lechuza, Bubo virgianianus).

Magellanic Woodpecker (Carpintero Negro, Carpintero Grande, Campephilus magellanicus)

Patagonian Sierra Finch (Cometocino, Phrygilus patagonicus)

Patagonian Tinamou (Quiula Patagónica, Tinamotis ingoufi) – endangered

Ringed Kingfisher (MartĂ­nPescador, Ceryle torquata)

Rusty-backed Monjita (Monjita Castaña, Xolmis rubetra)

Sandy Gallito (Gallito Arena, Teledromas fuscus)

Southern Caracara, Southern Crested Caracara (Carancho, Polyborus plancus)

Southern Lapwing (Queltehue, Vanellus chilensis)

Striped Woodpecker (Carpinterito, Picoides lignarius)

Thorn-tailed Rayadito (Rayadito, Tintica, Aphrastura spinicauda)

White-crested Elaenia (Fiofio, Elaenia albiceps)

White-throated Cachalote (Caserote Pardo, Pseudoseisura gutturalis)

White-throated Hawk (Aguilucho, Pueco, Buteo albigula)

Yellow Cardinal (Cardenal amarillo, Gubernatrix cristata)

Waterfowl

Andean Gull (Gaviota Andina, Larus serranus)

Ashy-headed Goose (Avutarda, Chloëphaga poliocephala)

Black-crowned Night Heron (Huairavo, Garza Bruja, Nycticorax nycticorax)

Black-necked Swan (Cisne de Cuello Negro, Cignus melancoriphus)

Chilean Flamingo (Flamenco Austral, Phoenicopterus chilensis)

Crested Duck (Pato CrestĂłn, Lophonetta specularioides)

Flying Steamer-Duck (Pato Vapor Volador, Tachyeres patagonicus)

Great Egret (Garza Blanca, Egretta alba)

Great Grebe (Huala, Podiceps major)

Hooded Grebe (Macá Tobiano, Podiceps gallardoi) – endemic to Santa Cruz Province; endangered

Least Seedsnipe (Agachona Chica, Thinocorus rumicivorus)

Magellan Goose, Upland Goose (Caiquén or Cauquén, Chloephaga picta)

Mallard (Pato Real, Anas platyrhynchos)

Patagonian Crested Duck (Pato CrestĂłn, Lophonetta specularioides)

Red-gartered Coot (Tagua, Fulica armillata)

Ruddy Duck (Pato Rana Pico Ancha, Oxyura jamaicensis)

Santa Cruz Hooded Grebe (MacĂĄ Tobiano, Podiceps gallardoi)

South American Stilt (Tero Real, Himantopus melanurus melanurus)

Spectacled Duck (Pato Anteojillo, Anas specularis)

Torrent Duck (Pato Corta-corriente, Merganetta armata)

White-headed Flightless Steamer-Duck (Pato Vapor No Volador Cabeza Blanca, Tachyeres leucocephalus)

Yellow-billed Pintail (Pato JergĂłn, Anas georgica)

Shore Birds

American Oystercatcher (Ostrero ComĂșn, Haematopus palliatus)

Black Oystercatcher (Ostrero Negro, Haematopus bachmani)

Blackish Oystercatcher (Ostrero Negro, Haematopus ater).

Hudsonian Godwit (Becasa de Mar, Limosa haemastica)

Magellanic Oystercatcher (Ostero Austral, Haematopus leucopodus)

Magellanic Plover (Chorlito Ceniciento or Chorlo Ceniciento, Pluvianellus socialis)

Red Knot (Playero Rojizo, Calidris canutus)

Two-banded Plover (Chorlito Doble Collar, Charadrius falklandicus)

White-rumped Sandpiper (Playerito Rabadilla Blanca, Calidris fuscicollis)

Sea Birds

Antarctic Giant Petrel (Petrel Gigante del Sur, Macronectes giganteus)

Black-browed Albatross (Albatros Ceja Negra, Diomedea melanophrys)

Cayenne Tern (GaviotĂ­n Pico Amarillo, Sterna sandvicensis eurygnatha)

Chilean Skua (EscĂșa Chileno, Stercorarius chilensis)

Dolphin Gull (Gaviota Austral, Larus scorebii or Leucophaeus scoresbii)

Gull (Gaviota Cocinera, Larus dominicanus)

Great Skua (EscĂșa ComĂșn, Catharacta skua or Stercorarius skua)

Imperial Shag, Blue-eyed Shag (CormorĂĄn Imperial, Phalacrocorax atriceps)

Kelp Gull (Gaviota Cocinera, Larus dominicanus)

Magellanic Penguin (PingĂŒino de Magallanes or PingĂŒino MagallĂĄnico, Spheniscus magellanicus)

Neotropic Cormorant, Olivaceous Cormorant (BiguĂĄ, Yeco, ComorĂĄn, PhalacrocĂłrax olivaceus or Phalacrocorax brasilianus)

Olrog’s Gull (Gaviota de Olrog, Larus atlanticus)

Red-legged Cormorant, Red-legged Shag (CormorĂĄn Gris, Phalacrocorax gaimardi)

Rock Shag (CormorĂĄn Cuello Negro or CormorĂĄn Roquero, Phalacrocorax magellanicus)

Rockhopper Penguin (PingĂŒino de Penacho Amarillo, Eudyptes chrysocome)

Royal Tern (GaviotĂ­n Real, Sterna mĂĄxima)

Snowy Sheathbill (Paloma AntĂĄrtica, Chionis alba)

South American Tern (GaviotĂ­n Sudamericana, Sterna hirundinacea)

Wilson’s Storm Petrel (Golondrina de Mar, Oceanites oceanicus)










By Lorraine Caputo

Upon re-declaring her independence at age 29, Lorraine Caputo packed her trusty Rocinante (so her knapsack's called) and began...

15 Nov 2010






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