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Colombia: Basic Facts

Official Name: Republic of Colombia

Capital: Bogot√°

Population: 4.8 million (July 2011 estimate)

People: mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%,

Amerindian 1%

Literacy Rate: 90.4%

Religion: Roman Catholic (90%)

Language: Spanish (official)

Government: republic; executive branch dominates government structure. President Juan Manuel Santos Calderón (since August 7, 2010); Vice President Angelino Garzón (since August 7, 2010). (The president is both the chief of state and head of government.)

Provinces: Colombia has 32 Departments and one capital district(*): Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Atl√°ntico, Bol√≠var, Boyac√°, Caldas, Caquet√°, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Choc√≥, C√≥rdoba, Cundinamarca, Guain√≠a, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nari√Īo, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quind√≠o, Risaralda, San Andr√©s y Providencia, Distrito Capital de Santa Fe de Bogot√°*, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaup√©s, Vichada

Economic Facts: As of June 2011, unemployment is 11.6%,and public debt is 44.8% of GDP. In 2010,44.4% of the population lived below the poverty line.

Agriculture: coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables; forest products; shrimp.

Main exports: petroleum, coffee, coal, apparel, bananas, cut flowers

Main industries: textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds.

Time: GMT minus 5

Electricity: 110/120 Volts AC, US 2 pin plugs are used.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Colombia: Before You Go to Colombia, Colombia Fun Facts and Colombian Flora and Fauna.

27 Sep 2011

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