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Bucaramanga History

Real Minas de Bucaramanga, or Royal Mines of Bucaramanga, was founded June 3, 1539, by MartĂ­n Galeano, some 83 years before the village of the same name was founded by Capitán AndrĂ©s Páez de Sotomayor and Father Miguel Trujillo. Ultimately these mines along the RĂ­o de Oro ceased. Spanish descendents and mestizos replaced the largely indigenous population and the residents turned to agriculture. However, they continued to reap the benefits as a provider of gold to the Spanish Crown. The fraud was eventually unveiled. In 1857 Bucaramanga became the capital of Santander Department; four years later it lost this position to Socorro, but regained it in 1896. The 1000-Day War at the end of the 19th century caused economic duress for Bucaramanga, from which it did not recuperate until a century later. The decisive battle of this civil war was fought at Palonegro near the city.

By Lorraine Caputo

Upon re-declaring her independence at age 29, Lorraine Caputo packed her trusty Rocinante (so her knapsack's called) and began...

09 Apr 2008

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