Colombia
Home > South America > Colombia > The Caribbean Coast and Islands > Cartagena > Cartagena Overview > Cartagena History
Page Rating
Content Quality:

Page Importance:
Author Pick:
Close Map

Book a Hotel or Hostel

Hotels Hostels & Budget
Country

City

Check in Date

Check out Date

Number of Rooms
Adults
Children



Top Colombia
Contributors

Cartagena History

The first humans to live in the area were the Puerto Hormiga settlements (7,000-3,000 BC), which produced some of the oldest pottery in the Americas, followed by the much more developed Monsú culture. By the time the Europeans came, various Carib-Arawak nations lived on the coast and off-shore islands.

On an island separated from the mainland by marshes and lagoons, Pedro de Heredia founded Cartagena de Indias in 1533. For years, it served as a storage point for items sent from Spain, and for treasure extracted from the Americas. Over the next 200 years, Cartagena experienced several sieges. The most notable attacks were by Sir Francis Drake in 1586, Baron de Pointis and Ducasse in 1697, and Sir Edward Vernon in 1741. This latter assault was repelled by the famous one-eyed, one-armed, and one-legged hero Blas de Lezo, whose statue stands at the entrance of the San Felipe fortress. These severe attacks led to the building of the old city’s protective wall and forts, such as San Fernando, San Sebastián del Pastelillo and San Felipe de Barajas.

In 1811, Cartagena declared independence from Spain. The following year, Simón Bolívar used the city as a jumping-off point for his Magdalena campaign. Pablo Morillo and the royalists re-took control in 1815. Cartagena gained full independence in 1821.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Cartagena: Cartagena Neighborhoods,








By Brenda Yun
I am a creative writer / surfer chick in need of adventure all the time. The only thing that keeps me grounded is my non-traveling, non-surfing pug...
03 May 2011



VIVA Colombia

Mapa
View Cartagena Map




South America | Central America and Mexico | Antarctica |
Advertise | Anúnciese | Jobs | Alliances | Alianzas | Terms of Use | Contact Us | About Us | Blog | Administradores |
You must register as an owner for access to these listing tools and benefits.

Notification of new reviews: receive your latest reviews by e-mail

Customized request-a-review link: encourage guests to spread the word about your property

Our owners' newsletter: stay informed about our latest tools and benefits for you

User login

Enter your username and password here in order to log into the website:

Login
 

Create a new V!VA account

Forgot Password