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Pacific Coast History

The region of ChocĂł stands apart in history from that known about Narino, Cauca and Valle del Cauca.

Chocó, given its distance from Bogotá, its hostile environment for travelers and its poor infrastructure, has remained a relatively unexplored region inhabited largely by Embera Indian communities and former African slaves. Up until recently their history has been one of indifference, but struggles between the government and guerrilla groups have turned this region into the front lines of the battle.

Narino, Valle del Cauca and Cauca have an altogether different history. First home to hunter gatherers—relics and artifacts have been found in and around Cali—before being used as a thoroughfare by the Spaniards en route to Quito, these departments have seen much of Colombia’s troubles throughout history. Cauca in particular suffered in the Colombian Civil War of 1860–62. In the 1980s the city of Cali was recognized for its all-powerful cartel and the drug wars that threatened to consume its society. Nowadays trouble lingers—major ports such as Buenaventura and Tumaco are coveted by both the Government and the guerrillas, and fighting can break out here with regularity.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to The Pacific Coast: History of BahĂ­a Solano, History of NuquĂ­, History of Buenaventura, Tumaco History, El Valle History, The History of ChocĂł and History of QuibdĂł.

By Richard McColl
With over five years travelling and working in Latin America, Richard feels most at home here in the big Continent. From the former Scottish...
18 May 2009

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