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Lake Titicaca

At 3,812 meters (12,503 ft) above sea level, Lago Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world. With a surface area of approximately 8,560 square kilometers (3,305 sq mi), it is also the largest freshwater lake in South America.

Lake Titicaca is divided in two parts: El Lago Mayor, or Lago Chucuito with the Bahía de Puno, and Lago Menor, also called Laguna de Huiñaymarca. The two bodies of water are separated by the Istmo de Yunguyo and united by the Estrecho de Tiquina. It rests on the altiplano between Peru and Bolivia. Over half of the lake is Peruvian territory.

Lago Titicaca is a shallow lake; its deepest point is only 281 meters (922 ft) and average depth is 107 meters (351 ft). About 25 rivers empty into the lake's waters, and Río Desaguadero drains the water towards the Pacific Ocean.

Forty-two natural islands dot Lake Titicaca, plus the man-made isles (islas flotantes) of the Uros. On the Peruvian side of the lake are the islands Estéves (in the Bahía de Puno), Taquile, Amantaní, Suasi, and Anapia (in Laguna de Huiñaymarca). In Bolivian waters, the most important islands are Isla del Sol, the largest of Lago Titicaca’s islands, and Isla de la Luna.

The islands and shore are home to Quechua and Aymara villages that still follow their age-old traditions. This is a holy lake for them, the cradle of the gods—and according to Inca Mythology, birthplace of Manco Cápac, and Mamo Ocllo, founders of the Inca Empire. Nicknamed the "Folklore Capital of the World," Lake Titicaca has some of the richest and most vibrant folklore festivals in all of Peru.

Indigenous cultures, ancient stone burial towers (chullpas) and sacred temples, and Spanish colonial churches are all awaiting travelers’ explorations. Nature lovers can birdwatch in Lago Titicaca’s totora reed coast, trek from village to hamlet, or kayak through its teal-blue waters.

The Bolivian Side of Lake Titicaca , The Peruvian Islands Of Lake Titicaca,

26 Jun 2012

The Intriguing Islands of Lake Titicaca

Islas Uros

103439Bullied by the Collas, then the Incas and later the Spanish, the Uros people did the unthinkable in the name of cultural preservation: They isolated themselves by constructing floating islands out of ...
City, Island
Islas Uros, Peru

Tours of Lake Titicaca


Partially owned by the reputable ExplorAndes agency, Titikayak offers a range of safe, well-planned kayak trips that leave from Llachón. The equipment is excellent and everything you\'ll need for ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru

All Ways Travel

This socially-conscious company managed by Victor Pauca and his daughter, Eliana, offers trips to various islands around Lake Titicaca and Sillustani, including Uros, Amantaní, Anapia, Yuspique, and ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru

Edgar Adventures

Run by Peruvian husband and wife team Edgar Apaza and Norka Florez, Edgar Adventures is one of the busiest tour agencies in Puno, and is highly recommended. This daring-duo runs tours, departing ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru

Pirámide Tours

This company offers both classic tours and more unique trips to remote areas around Lake Titicaca. Service is flexible and friendly, and launches are fast. Transport to and from Cusco, Arequipa, and ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru


With over 30 years of tourism experience, customer service and tailor-made itineraries are deeply ingrained within Solmartour\'s philosophy. Its menu of tours is diverse with options for adventure , ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru

Titikaka Adventures

Titikaka Adventures offers many ways to explore the lake and its communities. Along with half- and full-day tours to the Floating Islands of the Uros, this agency also has trips to Taquile and ...
Tour Operator
Puno, Peru
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