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History Of Puno

One of the first cultures to live on this stretch of Lago Titicaca were the Pukará (200 BC), who left behind pyramids, stone monoliths and pottery. The region was incorporated into the Tiwanaku Empire (800-1200 AD) and later the Inca Empire (15th century AD).

When the Spaniards arrived in the area, they began working a silver mine at Laykacota. Two conquistador families fell into fighting over the tremendous riches, causing the viceroy, Conde de Lemos, to arrive in person. On November 4, 1668, the count founded San Carlos de Puno; hos house yet stands near the Plaza de Armas and is now the home of the Instituto National de Cultura (Jr Conde de Lemos and Jr Deustua).

In the 18th century, Puno and the surrounding countryside supported the indigenous rebellions led by Túpac Amaru II and Túpac Catari.

With time, the mine played out. Puno’s economy today is based on agriculture, commerce and tourism.

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