Population: 9,009, Altitude: 5 meters / 16 feet, Phone Code: 01
Callao is the maritime port of Lima, as well as home to the capitalâ€™s airport. Callao, along with its residential area, La Punta, makes a good day trip from the chaotic metropolis. It is easily accessible by city bus from Lima (40 minutes, $0.60).
In Callao, youâ€™ll find the Museo Naval
, where you can explore the inside of a submarine and learn all about Peruvian naval history (Tuesday-Sunday 9 a.m.-3 p.m. Avenida Jorge ChÃ¡vez 123, near Plaza Grau. Tel: 613-6868, anexo 6794, E-mail: email@example.com
, URL: www.museonaval.com.pe
. Entry: Adults $1.25, children and students $0.80). On Sundays, the museum offers boat tours of the bay (10 a.m.-5 p.m. Entry: $2). Other days of the week, other operators offer 30-minute excursions to see the bayâ€™s wildlife and birds, departing from the Muelle DÃ¡rsena. The Fortaleza del Real Felipe del Callao
, built in the mid-18th century, is now home to the Museo del EjÃ©rcito Peruano
. Guides take you through the museumâ€™s art and armaments collections and to climb the ramparts (Tuesday-Sunday 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Av. SÃ¡enz PeÃ±a, Plaza Independencia. Tel: 465-8394 / 429-0532. Entry: adults $2.25, children $1.25)La Punta
is a narrow peninsula which separates the bays of Miraflores and Callao. It was once joined to the islands San Lorenzo and El FrontÃ³n, which you can see close by, until a tidal wave drowned half of the town many years ago. The Naval Officersâ€™ School is based here, as well as the Peruvian Yacht Club. It is an older area with a markedly Italian flavor due to the immigrants who arrived after the last war. Many of the houses have now been cataloged as National Historical Treasures by the government, which means that they cannot be altered in any way or sold. You can walk all around the peninsula following the promenades on both sides. Many migratory birds can be found on the south side, in the Humedal Costero Poza de la Arenilla
. At the tip of the peninsula there are a few economical restaurants.
Off shore are the islands San Lorenzo, El FrontÃ³n and Palomino. Isla Palomino, 12 kilometers (7 miles) from Callao port, is a popular destination for daytrippers. This small island is perfect for birdwatching and checking out sea lions. Agencies such as Eco Cruceros (Av. Arequipa 4960, Miraflores. Tel: 226-8530 / Cel: 999-108-396, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, URL: www.islaspalomino.com) offer all-inclusive excursions. A cheaper alternative is to contact local fishermen in Callao port.
Other neighborhoods in Lima: Chorrillos, Miraflores, Central Lima, Lima Airport, San Isidro, Pueblo Libre, San Borja and Barranco.