Pueblo Libre is a quiet residential district located not far from Limaâs historic center. Originally founded in 1557 as Magdalena Vieja, this section of town was given a new name in 1821 by none other than JosĂ© de San MartĂn, one of the Great Liberators of South America. The town was renamed for the great patriotism and desire for freedom that San MartĂn saw in the inhabitants. In 1881, during the disastrous War of the Pacific, the government of Peru briefly used Pueblo Libre as the seat of government. Pueblo Libre is also sometimes called âVilla de los Libertadoresâ because different leaders of the independence movement, such as BolĂvar, Sucre, CĂłrdova and others, maintained official residences there. Well known for its museums, including two of Limaâs best, the Museo Larco and Museo Nacional de ArqueologĂa, AntropologĂa e Historia del PerĂș, this part of town is also good for shopping.