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Peru Parks and Reserves

Peru: National parks and protected areas

Peruvians take their ecology seriously, and many parts of the country are protected or preserved. Currently, there are the following protected areas in Peru:

  • Twelve National Parks
  • Eleven national reserves
  • Six protected forests
  • Seven national sanctuaries
  • Four historical sanctuaries
  • Two wildlife refuges
  • Two landscape reserves
  • Seven communal preserves
  • Two hunting preserves
  • Ten reservations

These areas are spread out all over the nation, from the coast to the highlands.

National Parks

  • Alto PurĂşs National Park (Regions: Ucayali and Madre de Dios). Alto PurĂşs is a relatively new park, established in 2004. It is home to some indigenous groups and is mostly Amazon rainforest.
  • Bajuaja-Sonene National Park (Regions: Madre de Dios and Puno). Bordered by Bolivia, Bajuaja-Sonene park is mostly rainforest and home to a great diversity of plant and animal life.
  • Biabo Cordillera Azul National Forest and Park (Region: San Martin, Uyacali, Loreto and Huánuco). The park is part of a larger national forest. It is home to many animal and bird species, including some that are extremely rare.
  • RĂ­o Abiseo National Park (Region: San MartĂ­n) This national park has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Covering most of the Abiseo River Basin, it comprises several different climate zones, from rainforest to highland moors, and is home to some spectacular wildlife.
  • Cerros de Amotape National Park (Regions: Piura and Tumbes). Cerros de Amotape is in northwestern Peru, close to Ecuador and the coast. The highlight is the equatorial dry forest, a rare ecosystem with wildlife such as the Andean Condor, boa constrictors and tigrillos, a relative of the ocelot.
  • Cutervo National Park (Region: Cajamarca) Cutervo’s main attraction is the Cave of the Guácharo, home to a species of nocturnal bird. The park is also home to more wildlife, including great cats and many bird species. It is also the oldest National Park in Peru, founded in 1961.
  • Huascarán National Park (Region: Ancash). Huascarán Park is home to the mountain of the same name, the highest peak in Peru. The park is also home to many species of wildlife and some pre-Colombian ruins. The park is particularly popular with tourists and there are many activities, such as horseback rides or guided tours into the park.

  • Ichigkat muja – Cordillera del Condor National Park (Region: Amazonas). This park is home to diverse wildlife and some indigenous communities.
  • ManĂş National Park (Regions: Madre de Dios and Cuzco) ManĂş is one of the most impressive parks in Peru (and all of South America for that matter). It is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site. Peru’s largest park, it covers several ecological zones and is full of wildlife and birds.
  • Otishi National Park (Regions: Cusco and JunĂ­n). Otishi park is mostly Amazonian moist forest and some yungas at higher elevations. It is home to the Asháninka people who have lived in the region for thousands of years.
  • Tingo Maria National Park (Region: Huánuco). Tingo Maria is known for a mountain range that resembles (from afar) a sleeping woman and a cave called Cueva de las Lechizas, or “Owl Cave.”
  • Yanachaga-ChemillĂ©n National Park (Region: Pasco). Yanachaga-ChemillĂ©n National Park preserves some rare yunga hábitat as well as moist forests. Some native towns are still there, along with some ancient ruins.

National Reserves

  • Allpahuayo-Mishana (Region: Loreto). This reserve, located not far to the south of the city of Iquitos, is notable for the unique species of birds that live nowhere else in Peru.
  • Calipuy (region: La Libertad).
    A small, mountainous reserve dedicated to preservation of the habitat of the guanaco and other mountain species including the Andean wolf.
  • Junin (region: Junin): mainly this reserve is in existence to protect Lake Junin, which has a unique ecosystem including some very rare birds.
  • Lomas de Lachay (Hills of Lachay) (region: Lima).This is a relatively small reserve about 60 miles from Lima. It’s mostly misty yunga hills, and is home to a small but diverse population of animals, plants and birds.
  • Pampa Galeras – Barbara D’Achille (Region: Ayacucho): named for an environmental journalist murdered by the Shining Path, this reserve is the natural habitat of the vicuña.
  • Pacaya–Samiria National Reserve (Region: Amazonas). The largest reserve in Peru, Pacaya-Samiria covers some 20,000 square kilometers of Amazon rainforest. Naturally, it’s home to countless species of birds, animals, plants, insects, etc.
  • Paracas (Region: Ica). Paracas is a very impressive seaside reserve, covering a massive area of land and sea. It’s home to many species of animals and birds. Remnants of the Paracas culture can also be found within the preserve.
  • Salinas/Aguada Blanca (Regions: Moquegua/Arequipa). A smallish park compared to the others, it is mostly a ecological reserve for puna and desert ecosystems.
  • Tandopata/Candomo (Regions: Puno, Madre de Dios). This massive reserve protects a vast area of mostly forest, home to countless species of plants and animals. Many lowland animals make their homes here, including monkeys, jaguars, caimans and numerous birds.
  • Titicaca (region: Puno). On the shores of the famous lake of the same name, Titicaca preserves the unique ecosystems of one of the highest bodies of water on Earth.

Here are some related tips to help plan your trip to Peru: Tingo Maria Services, The Communities of the Colca Canyon, Recent Archeological Finds Near Chiclayo, Earthquakes in Cusco, When to Go, La Balza Border Crossing , Border Crossing: Aguas Verdes, Peru - Huaquillas, Ecuador, The Peruvian Amazon Environmental Issues, Border Crossing: Santa Rosa, Peru / Chacalluta, Chile and Peru-Bolivia Border Crossings.

19 Jun 2012

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